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Article Dans Une Revue Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise Année : 2000

Evidence of neuromuscular fatigue after prolonged cycling exercise

Résumé

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of prolonged cycling exercise on metabolic, neuromuscular, and biomechanical parameters. Methods: Eight well-trained male cyclists or triathletes performed a 2-h cycling exercise at a power output corresponding to 65% of their maximal aerobic power. Maximal concentric (CON; 60, 120, 240°s 1), isometric (ISO; 0°s 1), and eccentric (ECC; 120,-60°s 1) contractions, electromyographic (EMG) activity of vastus lateralis (VL) and vastus medialis (VM) muscles were recorded before and after the exercise. Neural (M-wave) and contractile (isometric muscular twitch) parameters of quadriceps muscle were also analyzed using electrical stimulation techniques. Results: Oxygen uptake (V ˙ O 2), minute ventilation (V ˙ E), and heart rate (HR) significantly increased (P 0.01) during the 2-h by, respectively, 9.6%, 17.7%, and 12.7%, whereas pedaling rate significantly decreased (P 0.01) by 21% (from 87 to 69 rpm). Reductions in muscular peak torque were quite similar during CON, ISO, and ECC contractions, ranging from 11 to 15%. M-wave duration significantly increased (P 0.05) postexercise in both VL and VM, whereas maximal amplitude and total area decreased (VM: P 0.05, VL: NS). Significant decreases in maximal twitch tension (P 0.01), total area of mechanical response (P 0.01), and maximal rate of twitch tension development (P 0.05) were found postexercise. Conclusions: A reduction in leg muscular capacity after prolonged cycling exercise resulted from both reduced neural input to the muscles and a failure of peripheral contractile mechanisms. Several hypothesis are proposed to explain a decrease in pedaling rate during the 2-h cycling with a constancy of power output and an increase in energy cost.
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Dates et versions

hal-01762670 , version 1 (10-04-2018)

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  • HAL Id : hal-01762670 , version 1

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Romuald Lepers, Christophe Hausswirth, Nicola Maffiuletti, Jeanick Brisswalter, Jacques Van Hoecke. Evidence of neuromuscular fatigue after prolonged cycling exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2000, 32 (11), pp.1880 - 1886. ⟨hal-01762670⟩
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